What's it made of? The Great Pacific Garbage Patch has sometimes been described as a "trash island," but that's a misconception, according to Holly Bamford, former director of the U. If only things were that simple.
Once the plastics were collected, a team of volunteers classified the plastic into: Hard plastic, plastic sheet or film; - Type N: Plastic lines, ropes and fishing nets; - Type P: Pre-production plastics cylinders, spheres or disks ; - Type F: Hard plastic, plastic sheet or film Type N: Plastic lines, ropes and fishing nets Ocean Plastic Type P: Pre-production plastics cylinders, spheres or disks Ocean Plastic Type F: Fragments made of foamed materials These plastic types were then screened for clues on age and origin.
This was performed by examining Great garbage patch object for dates, languages, trademarks, symbols or 'made in' statements. This deterioration into microplastics is usually the result of sun exposure, waves, marine life and temperature changes.
Microplastics have been discovered floating within the water surface layers, but also in the water column or as far down as the ocean floor. Once they become this small, microplastics are very difficult to remove and are often mistaken for food by marine animals.
What are the Effects on Marine Life and Humans? Not only does plastic pollution in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch pose risks for the safety and health of marine animals, but there are health and economic implications for humans as well.
Impact on Wildlife Plastic has increasingly become a ubiquitous substance in the ocean. Due to its size and color, animals confuse the plastic for food, causing malnutrition; it poses entanglement risks and threatens their overall behavior, health and existence.
Animals migrating through or inhabiting this area are then likely consuming plastic in the patch. Interaction with these discarded nets, also known as ghost nets ghost netsoften results in the death of the marine life involved. Matthew Chauvin Impact on Humans and Society Plastic pollution costs 13B dollars per year Once plastic enters the marine food web, there is a possibility that it will contaminate the human food chain as well.
Efforts to clean and eradicate ocean plastic have also caused significant financial burdens.
Affects the Human Foodchain Through a process called bioaccumulation, chemicals in plastics will enter the body of the animal feeding on the plastic, and as the feeder becomes prey, the chemicals will pass to the predator - making their way up the food web that includes humans.
These chemicals that affected the plastic feeders could then be present within the human as well.Mar 22, · The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is the largest of five such trash collections in the ocean, Lebreton said.
CLOSE This video shows the devastating plastic waste that is . 10 days ago · In the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, the water bottle could be from Los Angeles, the food container from Manila, and the plastic bag from Shanghai. rows · The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is a collection of marine debris in the North Pacific Ocean.
Marine debris is litter that ends up in the ocean, seas, and other large bodies of water. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is the world’s largest collection of floating trash—and the most famous.
It lies between Hawaii and California and is often described as “larger than Texas.
Jun 25, · The name "Pacific Garbage Patch" has led many to believe that this area is a large and continuous patch of easily visible marine debris items such as bottles and other litter—akin to a literal island of trash that should be visible with satellite or aerial photographs.
UPDATED FEBRUARY 7, -- While everything may be bigger in Texas, some reports about the "Great Pacific Garbage Patch" would lead you to believe that this marine mass of plastic is bigger than Texas—maybe twice as big as the Lone Star State, or even twice as big as the continental U.S.
For NOAA, a national science agency, separating science from science fiction about the Pacific garbage.