Origin[ edit ] Some of the first humanists were great collectors of antique manuscriptsincluding PetrarchGiovanni BoccaccioColuccio Salutatiand Poggio Bracciolini. Of the four, Petrarch was dubbed the "Father of Humanism" because of his devotion or loyalty to Greek and Roman scrolls.
Hire Writer The bass register was used for the first time, this allows an expansion of pitch range at the same time usually provides a strong and full accompanies when play with the higher voices. Renaissance choral music study: The idea is that a short melody is presented by one voice and the other voices imitate the same thing but with delays, thus is similar to an echo of the first melody.
This technique of overlapping provides the sense of continuity; and also as all the melodic lines were conceived at the same time instead of being conceived line by line in the renaissance period, the harmonic effect is more ICC and pleasant to hear.
One of a great example of polyphonic imitation is the four-voice motet by Joaquin Desired Polyphonic imitation as a contrapuntal device. His influence to the Western musical history is well recognized because pervasive imitation has became the ancestor of modern fugue later in Baroque period,J.
Bach was also being inspired and wrote many famous fugue composition. Eave Maria… Virgo serene is a work by Joaquin that may best illustrate the quinine of pervasion imitation. Eave Maria is a chapel that is choral music in the renaissance period that did not need instrumental accompaniment.
Yet, some a chapel used instrument to duplicate the vocal lines in order to support and reinforce the singers if they find it hard to maintain on the right pitches. In addition to imitation in different voices, it also occurs between pairs of voices.
Comparing to the chants in medieval period, the pervasion imitation technique that was used in renaissance period definitely introduce new elements to the style of vocal composition and have made the choral singing more challenging yet interesting to work with. Increase in secular composition The development of secular pieces flourished in the renaissance period.
This might u to several reasons, including the Reformation against Catholic Church, and the rise of printing press. In addition to more education opportunities, people were more aware of the false knowledge the church had given them.
Martin Luther was a scholar and musician; he realized the doctrine of the Catholic Church — wealthy sinners can buy their way to heaven was contradicting to what he saw in the New Testament letters of the apostle Paul salvation can only be offered by the grace of God. Such indulgence of the Church provoked reformation from different people, including Martin Luther who later led to the born of Lutheran Church and Henry the eighth from England.
Other than playing sacred music that centered on God, more and more secular music in the renaissance period started to evolve.
At the same time, musicians were taken more serious at the first time. In the medieval period, troubadours who were among the first to have written secular songs, were treated as the lowest social class.
However the fate of musicians had totally changed in renaissance period. Musicians now had higher social status; they got paid better and were recognize their work. The invention of printing press also helped to increase the secular composition. Mass publication of music was resulted by the printing press, and now music could survive in volumes and became a common language that not only nobles and people in the court knew.
More people were educated with music and were able to make their win, thus the amount of secular music increased. Exploration of more music text types During the renaissance period, the increase in secular music had opened doors to other text types including madrigal, ballet and other instrumental music.
Madrigal usually refers to a piece for several solo voices set to a short poem, and is usually set in a chapel or solo voices with very light accompany. Since it was among the first to set story into music, madrigal was also identify as the ancestor of the modern opera. The Camera thought that the music in those days were very corrupted, and the only way to save it is to root back to the style of ancient Greek.
Claudio Monteverdi was the earliest composer who explored the technique tone painting in madrigal. Tone painting is the illustration of the meaning of specific words through musical symbolism.
Another type of renaissance secular text type is ballet. Gender Roles in the Renaissance Essay Ballet is a danceable song for several solo voices; also following the ideal of the Camera ballet was mostly homophobic in texture with the melody in the highest voice. Before renaissance, instrumental music were Just accompaniment to vocal sounds.
However, during the sixteenth century, more music was specifically written for instruments. Besides organ, harpsichord and clavichord both evolved in the fifteenth century.
There was also a more organized grouping for instrument in terms of their volumes.The Renaissance The Renaissance, meaning “rebirth” in French, was a change in the way people lived and thought.
In the Middle Ages in Europe, especially Italy, people were very religious and almost everyone was devotedly catholic. The Renaissance. The Renaissance was an exciting period in history that served as a bridge between the Middle Ages and modern times.
Between the 14th and 17th centuries, many cultural changes were. References and Related sites for Renaissance England. Period Texts | Research | People | Maps | Costume | Literature | Food | Gardens | Music | Games | Swordplay.
Classical Studies. Renaissance humanists studied the literature of ancient Greece and Rome, believing that these classical works represented the height of human . Some Suggested Subject Areas for the Research Project. This is a list of possible subjects related to music between ancient times and This is not a definitive list, but is intended to start you thinking about what areas you might be interested in investigating as you work to develop a topic for your research project.
The Renaissance was a period in European history marked by a cultural flowering. The Renaissance is defined as the revival or rebirth of the arts. The home of the Renaissance was Italy, with its position of prominence on the Mediterranean Sea.