He was considered one of the greatest scientists in history. Newton was also the culminating figure in the scientific revolution of the 17th century.
His theory of optics made him Report sir isaac newton the design of the telescope, which up until this point was a large, cumbersome instrument. By using mirrors instead of lenses, Newton was able to create a more powerful instrument, 10 times smaller than traditional telescopes.
It was a newly formed organisation for men of learning to discuss their ideas.
They encouraged Newton to share his ideas. But Newton's theories about light did not go down well. Other members of the Royal Society could not reproduce his results — partly because Newton had described his experiment in an obscure manner.
Newton did not take the criticism well. Newton had an ugly temper and an unshakable conviction that he was right. With his pride dented, he began to withdraw from intellectual life. I believe you would think him a man of strange and unsociable temper.
Newton describes Robert Hooke. Smarting from criticism, Newton isolated himself from other natural philosophers and dedicated himself to radical religious and alchemical work. With his mother on her deathbed, he returned home to Woolsthorpe and embarked on a period of solitary study.
He became absorbed in alchemy, a secretive study of the nature of life and the medieval forerunner of chemistry. Some argue that these ideas, while not scientific in the sense that we understand them now, helped him think radical thoughts that shaped his most important work, including his theories of gravity.
When German philosopher Gottfried Leibniz published an important mathematical paper, it was the beginning of a lifelong feud between the two men. Like Newton, he created a new theory of calculus.
However, Newton claimed he'd done the same work 20 years before and that Leibniz had stolen his ideas. But the secretive Newton hadn't published his work and had to hastily return to his old notes so the world could see his workings. In a young and suddenly fertile field like Mathematics Newton's biographer James Gleick describes the world of the 17th Century.
Challenged by Robert Hooke to prove his theories about planetary orbits, Newton produced what is considered the foundation for physics as we know it. It was the culmination of more than 20 years of thinking. It outlined his own theory of calculus, the three laws of motion and the first rigorous account of his theory of universal gravitation.
Together, this provided a revolutionary new mathematical description of the Universe. The work cemented his reputation and contains much of what he is remembered for today. Newton fought the new king over religious reforms at Cambridge University.
Having made his name as a natural philosopher, Newton was attracted to a new life as a politician and public figure. Profoundly religious, Newton could not sit by while James II attempted to re-Catholicise Cambridge University — even if it meant nailing his own religious colours to the mast.
He successfully fought James's reforms and got himself elected as a Member of Parliament. However, he made little impact in the Commons and appears on record only to ask for a window to be closed.
In mid, Newton suffered a mental collapse when he suspected that his friends were conspiring against him. After working five nights in a row, Newton suffered what we might describe as a nervous breakdown.
He later apologised to the philosopher John Locke and to the MP Samuel Pepys for having wished them dead, though whether he actually wished this is unclear.
Yet Newton's fragile mental health did not dent his public reputation. He was soon offered an important new post. Newton was master for nearly 30 years. As warden of the Royal Mint, Newton found a new calling.Sir Isaac Newton (25/Dec/ – 20/Mar/) Early Life of Newton Sir Isaac Newton was born on Christmas Day, in , to a poor farming family.
His father died 3 months before he was born. Isaac Newton changed the way we understand the Universe. Revered in his own lifetime, he discovered the laws of gravity and motion and invented calculus. He helped to shape our rational world view. Inspection report: Sir Isaac Newton Sixth Form Free School, 3 – 6 March 3 of 12 qualification and an increasing number learn very useful industry-specific skills such as .
Sir Isaac Newton was an English mathematician and physicist. He was considered one of the greatest scientists in history. Newton was also the culminating figure in the scientific revolution of the 17th century. Sir Isaac Newton was an English mathematician and physicist.
He was considered one of the greatest scientists in history. Newton was also the culminating figure in the scientific revolution of the 17th century. Newton was best known for his discovery t /5(3). A painting of Sir Isaac Newton by Sir Godfrey Kneller, dated to Credit: Sir Godfrey Kneller Sir Isaac Newton's three laws of motion describe the motion of massive bodies and how they.