This monumental event caused massive deaths, destroyed the entire city, but it also successfully ended the second world war.
Print this page Postwar Germany and Japan Sixty years on, the end of the war against Japan is generally regarded by British historians very differently from the way they view the end of the war against Germany.
Despite the firestorms in German cities, despite the murder and rape of millions of German women and children by the advancing Soviets, the defeat of Nazi Germany is still seen in terms that are morally unambiguous. There is no such acceptance of war guilt in Japan.
Sometimes to non -Germans this national confessional even seems to go to an absurd extent - for example when the great furore erupted over the recent film depicting Hitler as an inadequate, demented human being, rather than the embodiment of Satanic evil.
Most Japanese see themselves not as the perpetrators of a barbarous expansionist war in Asia and the Pacific, but as hapless victims of overwhelming and brutal American power. It is not, perhaps, surprising that collective denial should be the response of a defeated people; what is surprising is that the Japanese view is also widely held in the countries of the west that fought against Japan, namely the United States, and Britain and her Commonwealth.
On 6 August an American B bomber dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima. In a split secondpeople ceased to exist. Three days later another B dropped a second bomb on Nagasaki, killing another 40, Americans and their allies could tell themselves that though the bombs had been terrible, they had obviated the need for an invasion of Japan.
In vain would later apologists point out that the number killed- was about the same as the number killed in the conventional Bcreated firestorm that devastated Tokyo-Yokohama on the night of 9 March There were two differences. First, the Tokyo-Yokohama raid required hundreds of aircraft delivering thousands of incendiary bombs in wave upon wave in very particular weather conditions.
Hiroshima-Nagasaki required just two aircraft and two bombs, a quantum leap in destructive capacity. Second, unlike those injured in conventional raids, aboutof those people who had apparently survived in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in fact suffered radiation poisoning as a result of the bombs, and thus were condemned to a painful and lingering death.
Japan surrendered on 15 August, obviously as a result of the bombs, it was generally believed, and for a few months Americans and their allies could tell themselves that though the bombs had been terrible, they had obviated the need for an invasion of Japan.
This had been scheduled for Decemberand in it many hundreds of thousands of Allied servicemen would have been killed and wounded. But very soon doubts arose in many quarters. They saw a grey, blasted landscape, in which thousands of hideously burnt people were huddled in shanties, coughing up and urinating blood, with their hair falling out in clumps, waiting to die.
The writer and journalist John Hersey, one of the first to get to Hiroshima, wrote a powerful study of the plight of six of these survivors, and this was published in the New Yorker in The Air Force argued that conventional B attacks had all but brought Japan to its knees, and concluded, ' And then the State Department added its assessment.
These were overtures that the Truman administration knew about, thanks to decrypts of Japanese diplomatic codes, but which they nevertheless chose to ignore.
Grew added that if the United States had modified the demand for unconditional surrender, made on 26 July at Potsdam, if it had simply guaranteed the continuation of the imperial system in Japan, the Japanese would almost certainly have capitulated within days.
He reminded Americans that if an invasion had proved necessary, up to a million American servicemen would have died. The bombs, then, were a necessary evil. But very soon other figures were discovered.Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima The United States becomes the first and only nation to use atomic weaponry during wartime when it drops an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima.
Additionally, before the bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the US had already been dropping conventional bombs on Japanese cities and were blockading the islands. Japan had already lost close to 3 million people, military and civilian.
The atomic bombs had been created through the Manhattan Project. They created two bombs.
They created two bombs. The first bomb was called Little Boy, and was to be dropped on Hiroshima, and the second bomb was called Fat Man, and was to be dropped on Nagasaki. . The first atomic bomb had been dropped on the port city of Hiroshima.
This bomb killed 70, people instantly and was code named "Little Boy." One-third of the people killed at first were military. The bomb had destroyed everything within a 2 mile radius and about 4 square miles. It also caused radioactive "black rain" killing more people.
The last man standing who is able to describe the experience of dropping the world's first atomic bomb is facing his own mortality. "Every time one of my fellow crew members died it was a shock.
The ethical debate over the decision to drop the atomic bomb will never be resolved. The bombs did, however, bring an end to the most destructive war in history. The Manhattan Project that produced it demonstrated the possibility of how a . The U.S. decision to drop atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August has generated much controversy over the years. Some argue that the bombing was necessary to end World War II, while others believe that more than , civilians died in vain. The United States becomes the first and only nation to use atomic weaponry during wartime when it drops an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Though the dropping of the atomic bomb on.
The bold decision was made in to drop the very first Atomic bomb on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. This monumental event caused massive deaths, destroyed the entire city, but it also successfully ended the second world war.